Tree Fodder Seminars

Tree Fodder Seminar 2019:  Trees in the food chain for Climate Remediation

 
Thank you all for a wonderful and interesting week full of leaves, ideas, knowledge & good food.

Tree Fodder Seminar 2020 will be the week that includes July 10th. 
Tree Fodder Seminar 2021 will be in the Adirondaks, NY state.
 






 

Search Shana Hanson YouTube for video clips.

 

Mon. July 8 - Fri. July 12, 2019, with a

prelude potluck/talk/discussion Mon. July 1. and

day-tripping tour Sunday, July 7.

 
Events are at 3 Streams Farm, 209 Back Belmont Rd., Belfast, ME unless otherwise stated.
 

$0-$25 single events; $50-$65/2days; $120 full week (inc. food and simple lodging).

$35-50 Mon. only; $45 Tues. only; $25-35 Wed. or Thurs; $10 Fri.


Partial or full barter offers considered and often accepted.


Call (207)338-3301 to register, and/or email shanahanson@gmail.com 

Pay by Paypal to gmcsherr@RISD.edu, or by check to: 
3 Streams Farm, 209 Back Belmont Rd., Belfast, ME 04915 
*If only attending Mon. July 8 MOFGA Day, register at:

 

Meadowsweet Farm Icelandic sheep this March eating ash ensiled Aug. 30.
Schedule somewhat flexible and can change with input from attendees. 

Monday, July 1, Belfast Free Library:  Free Prelude to Tree Fodder Seminar 2019: 
Green Foliage Can Change Climate.  5:30 PM Potluck,  6:30-8 PM Talk/Discussion. 
Sy Schotz has been studying with Didi Pershouse;  he and Shana Hanson will offer a review of science on climate, and beneficial land practices, then facilitate discussion.


Sunday, July 7, 8:30 AM, Belfast:  Free MOFGA Day-tripping Tour at 3 Streams Farm:  The public is invited to see the first-year sprouting of pollarded trees in a one acre 'air meadow' demonstration plot funded by Northeast SARE (Project FNE18-897).  Meet various livestock who eat tree leaves, and sample products of our woodland.  RSVP (207) 338-3301.


Monday, July 8, MOFGA day, 8 AM- 4 PM, Unity:  Tree leaves in the Farm Food Chain.  See below this week-long schedule for the MOFGA day schedule.  If only attending this day, register at  http://mofga.org/MOFGA-Events/mofga-tree-fodder-day-tree-leaves-in-the-farm-food-chain
*Possibly can attend 1st half via your internet device.

Monday, 6:30-8 PM, Belfast:  Cliff Davis of Spiral Ridge Permaculture  in Summertown, Tennessee zooms with us about Pollarding and Coppicing Trees over Ground Crops for Hogs and Sheep.  *Possible to attend via your internet device.
 
Tuesday, July 9, 8-12 AM and 1- 4 PM, Belfast or Unity TBD:  Climbing Trees Safely with arborists, inc. harness with double rope, lanyard, possibly spikes (by then we may know if desired sprouting was stimulated by spiking of bare trunks in our SARE FNE18-897 Demo Area, increasing future climbability).

Tuesday, July 9, 12- 1 PM (during lunch), Belfast:  Tree Insect Update possibly with Mike Parisio, ME Forest Service entomologist. Tuesday, July 9, 7- 8:30 PM, Belfast:  Moon/Tides/Plants Walk with Jenn Brown of Willow Moon Enterprises;  Bio-dynamic, Western, and tree-related traditional and scientific info on effects of solar, astral and planetary moon phases.

Wednesday, July 10, 9-12 AM, Belfast:  Ivan Fernandez of UME School of Forest Resources and Climate Change Institute on Woodland Soils and Forest Health in Changing Conditions, a tutorial under the “air meadow.”  Ivan studies the biogeochemical response of forests and forested watersheds to management, air pollution, temperature change and moisture stress.  

 Wednesday, July 10, 12-1 PM (during lunch), Belfast:  Free:  Traditional Knowledge and Science on How Trees Drive Rain Cycles and Relation to Global Warming:  literature review, and discussion related to the landscape around us and our endeavors to have a positive local (global) effect. 
Wednesday, 1- 4 PM, Belfast:  Geoff Nosach and Lizzy Hayes of Mercer Mushroom Museum on
Mushroom Cultivation of 3 Species Best Suited to Silvopasture, Agroforestry, and Leaf-based Livestock Farming. 

Wednesday, 6:30- 8 PM, Belfast, Free:  Collaborations with Biomass, Logging, Arborist and Roadside Clearing Operations for ensiling chipped leafy branches or stripped leaves:  brainstorming/ communication session to reach out to opportunities local to our farms, and to design mechanical alternatives for efficient stripping of leaves.


Thursday, July 11, 9-12 AM, Swanville:  Meadowsweet Farm Tour with Eliot Van Peski and Rayna Palm, who have been shifting paddocks to include woodland due to drought, and also storing dried leaves.  Their mostly Black Angus cattle and Icelandic sheep sampled dried and ensiled leaf fodders in early 2019 for 3 Streams Farm's SARE FNE18-897 project.    


Thursday , 1:30- 5 Pm:
Searsmont:  Faithful Venture Farm Tour; Shana Hanson is assessing woodland edges of Glendon Mehuren’s Holstein pastures, to trial industrialized leaf fodder harvest for bulk silage back-up feed.   Choices there (group decides):  Tie and Stack Traditional sheavesMore Ways to ClimbPollarding 101 

Thursday, 7-7:45 PM, Belfast:  Agro-Forest Ecosystem Studies in Brazil, "zooming" with Juan Alvez, UVM Research Associate in grazing management, agroecology, ecological economics, and more.
*Possible to attend via your internet device.

 
Friday, July 12,
Nut & Fruit Day, in collaboration with Maine Tree Crop Alliance: 
10 AM- 12:30, Carpool from Belfast to Appleton and S. Montville:  Visit LiLi’s Mulberry to eat fruit and look for seed, and check out nearby Black Walnuts.  
12:30-2:30 PM, Carpool from S. Montville to Camden:  Bag lunch picnic near Chestnuts at Shirttail Beach (swim!). 
2:30- 5 PM, Carpool from Camden to Lincolnville, then Belmont:  Tree fodder ideas at Belfast Blueberry Cooperative on Levenseller Mt., then visit and consider farming of Shana’s Belmont Red Oaks.  Back to Belfast:  Potluck supper.

Friday, 6:30- 8 PM, Belfast:  Tree/Livestock Open “Mic,” outdoors with goats and other livestock. 

 

MOFGA Tree Fodder Day:  

Tree leaves in the Farm Food Chain. 

Monday, July 8, 2019

                   

MOFGA’s Common Ground Education Center,  Unity, ME 

 This MOFGA day kicks off

 **a full week of Tree-Related events** hosted by 3 Streams Farm of Belfast, ME.

 
Most livestock fodder came from trees for 8,000 years.  Most top soil originated from trees.  Evapo-transpiration from tree foliage is now known to drive weather systems, with both local and distant effects.  Irregular weather is depleting soil life; trees have potential to repair both weather and soil. 

 

 
$35 MOFGA Members; $50 Non-members.  No extra charge for Tree Fodder Seminar full week attendees.   Scholarships available.    568-6017 FMI.

 

 
MONDAY, JULY 8 SCHEDULE:

8:00- 9:00 am:  Resource Sharing Table;  Tree teas, snacks;  Registration check–in.

Bring your books, articles, and pictures.  Rare books on leaf harvest will be there.  

Farm animal silhouettes (write your breeds) and blank ‘topic’ signs to initiate informal lunch discussions.  

Bring nut, fruit, and leaf fodder samples, and info, to share during closing circle.

 

9:00- 9:15 am:  Intros. then History, Climate Science, Tree Respiration, and Soil.  Shana Hanson.

 

9:20- 10:35 am:  2 Farmer Showcases, each 20 min. plus 15 min. Q & A. 

10:35- 10:50:  15 minute break. 

10:50- 11:25:  3rd Farmer Showcase, 20 min. plus 15 min. Q & A.

11:30- 11:45:  Shana Hanson’s SARE FNE18-897 Updates on leaf species and fodder processing   Preferences of Livestock, and comments on Pruning Methodology.

11:45- 12:  General Q & A (Allow room’s knowledge base to be shared).

 

12- 12:05 pm:  Attendees’ Livestock Species Count;  Prep. for Informal Lunch Discussions.  Hold up Animal or Topic signs that you want to connect about, after species count, to settle at tables. 

 

12:05 – 12:50 pm:  LUNCH.   Soup provided; pot luck offerings invited, bag lunches okay too. 

 

1:00 – 3:20 pm:  Choose High Pruning of Willows to Hand-Snap and Barrel-Ensile, or Singling Hardwood Coppice to Stack Vertically and Tarp to Dry.  Feel free to switch projects.  Discussion is encouraged. 

 

3:30– 4:00 pm:  Discussion Circle; share nut, fruit, and leaf fodder samples, and info.  

Wrap up with remaining questions, reflections, and evaluations. 



 

2018 Tree Fodder Seminar:


“Trees feed Livestock feed Soil;  Farmer Ecology & Skills for a Changing Planet,”

Tree Fodder Seminar 2018 based at 3 Streams Farm, Belfast, ME

Sat. July 8 – Sun. July 14 (with partial attendance options).


$150 full week (food and simple lodging included).  $60/2days.  $35-50 Mon. only;
$45 Tues. only; $35/day Wed., Thurs., or Fri.; $0-$25 single events.   

  


Schedule remains flexible, with improvements still occurring daily.

Sun., July 8:  Our Farms and Studies:  Meet, greet, dip in ponds.  Make soup, share info., explore literature.

12 noon – 2pm:  Soup served.

12:30 – 2pm:  New (or “knew”) bits of Knowledge; Discuss anything we’ve gleaned useful to tree foddering.     

2 – 5pm:  Walk and discuss Climate Challenges and Active Hope, while touring Pollarded Trees, and

Woodland Duff Production under the ‘air meadow’. 

 

5 – 6:30pm:  Cook and eat Supper.  (Additional farm products welcome.)

6:30 – 8:30pm:  Bring and share Picture Presentations of our Farms

(small Windows laptop with USB port and cable internet available.)  

9:15 – 10:15pm:  Star-Gazing Goat Walk with Hanlon Kelley.  Discussion of Ernst Zurcher’s and possibly Viviana Ferrario’s information on Effects of Moon Phases on Tree Sprouting Responses.   

 

Mon., July 9:  MOFGA Tree Fodder Day: 

6 am:  Breakfast laid out, self-serve. 

7 am:  Shana’s carpool (inc. 2 goats) to MOFGA (25 miles from 3 Streams Farm) leaves.

 - 9am at MOFGA:  SnacksTree Teas, and Resource Sharing Table.

9 – 4pm:  at MOFGA:  Animals eat what? Enlivening Soil thru Tree-based Livestock Farming.  See http://www.mofga.org/MOFGA-Events/Tree-Fodder-Day for details.  Reg. included for full-week attendees. 

Lunch soup provided; potluck offerings invited; bag lunch also okay.

 

5 – 6:30pm at 3 Streams Farm:  Swim.  Cook and eat Supper.

6:30 – 8:30 pm:  Try each other’s ToolsPiece up Dry Brush for Sat. biochar burn.

 

Tues., July 10:  Climbing and Storage (plus Invasive Pests):

4:30 – 7am:  PruneWalk with goats. 

7 – 8am:  Breakfast. 

8 – 12:30  Adam Lynn, Eric Dayan and Edgar Evenkeel mentor us to Climb Safely with Rope and Harness.

Shana guides us to Prune for ‘Air Meadow’ Development, and to Prepare Branches for Fast On-site Storage.

 

12:30 – 1:30:  Pond dip, Lunch.

1 -2pm:  Hildy Ellis on Invasive Forest Pests (overlaps lunch).

2 – 5pm:  Eric, Adam, and Edgar mentor us to Move Trees with Rope and Throw Line, plus more Climbing.

Shana guides us to Prune, and to Ensile Stripped Leaves or Twig-leaves.

4pm:  MOFGA Daytrippers invited to come see what we are doing.

 

5 – 6:30pm:  Cook and eat Supper. 

6:30 – 8 pm:  Michael Walder (skyped) on:  Economics, Ergonomics, and Animal Logistics of Feeding Leaves.         

 

 

Wed., July 11:  Mushrooms and Soil: 

5 – 7am:  Fetch Drifted Seaweed from the bay, downtown.  Swim!

7 – 8am:  Breakfast.

8 – 11am:  Bring new logs to old Shitake and Pearl Oyster mushrooms, and introduce many ways. 

11 – 12 noon:  Use feet and edge tools on aged brush for use digesting rock powders under fodder trees.    

 

12 – 1pm:  Lunch. 

1 – 5pm:  Jameson Waines and Mark Fulford possibly join us to pursue Tasks and Strategies to foster Soil and Fungal Life, and Feed Trees.  Mark possibly lectures on How to Learn to create Plant Resilience thru Soil Biology. 

 

5 – 6:30pm:  Cook and eat Supper with Many Mushrooms and Some Seaweed. 

6:30 – 9pm:  Hike-in Movie (on computer outdoors while watching goats): “The Shepherdess”?  

 

Thurs., July 12:  Open Grown Trees and Field Trips:

5 – 7am:  Complete twig-leaf stack and silage barrel.

7 – 8am:  Breakfast.

8 – 12 noon:  Edgar Evenkeel helps us Use a Lanyard to Position in Open Grown Branchy Trees (and prune them).  Eliza Greenman and Shana Hanson show Safety Tricks for Free Climbing.

 

12 – 1pm:  Lunch. 

1pm:  Carpool to Waldoview Farm in Winterport. 

1:30 – 3:30pm:  (Winterport)  Tom Hodgeman shows us Apple-Rose-etc. Browse Management with Katadin sheep and Devon Cattle. 

3:45 – 5:45pm:  (Monroe)  Vincent Versillo discusses (with cheese demo
and a peek in the Cheese Cave)
likely effects of Tree Leaf Fodder in Cheeses, and Seth Yentes shows us the Adams Biochar Retort they have built, both at North Branch Farm. 

 

6:15 – 7:45:  Cook and eat Supper (overlaps presentation).

7 – 9pm:  Eliza Greenman and Shana Hanson report on Colloque Trognes 2018 in Sare, France.

 

Fri., July 13:  Nut and Fruit Fodder:

4:30 – 7am:  Goat walk, swim.

7 – 8am:  Breakfast.

8 – 10am:  Hog walk and fence move; visit old fodder apple trees.

10 - 12:  Rotational Fodder-Forest Pig Utopia;  Cultivars for Timely Harvests.  Eliza Greenman

 

12 noon:  Pack lunch and car pool to:

12:30 – 1pm:  (Martin Rd., Montville) Picnic on Moe Martin’s hillside.

1 – 3:30pm:  (still at Moe’s)  Tour Nuts, Sample Rare Fruits, and Prune a Kiwi Jungle and Black Locust Grove.

3:30 – 4:30, at Moe’s, or 4 - 5pm, at 3 Streams:  Eric Evans and Jack Kertez report on Nut Crops We’ve Planted.

 

5 – 6:30pm:  Cook and eat Supper with Leached Acorn Meal and Jackson Regenerational Farm Pork.

6:30 – 9pm:  Tree, Leaf and Livestock Songs with Sarah and Bill Smith, and Anna Dembska, outdoors with goats. 

 

Sat., July 14:  Biochar and Tree Tars: 

5 – 7am:  Set up a tight Slow-burn Charring Mound, based on picture in Rotherham (2013). 

7 – 8am:   Breakfast. 

8 – 12 noon:  Set up and light brush around a can each for Pine and Birch Tar Producton.  If cool and seems wise, light  and monitor Charring Mound.  Possibly pack and light small Biochar Retort with Lee Lauffer.

12 – 1pm:  Lunch Picnic, next to burns.

1 – 2pm:  Last Circle with short stories, insights, feedback, requests, creative performances.  Dowse Burns. 


2 – 4pm:  Time for Request Completion – finish loose ends, look up last resources, or repeat something fun. 



~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
2017 Tree Fodder Seminar:







Report on Tree Fodder Seminar 2017: 

Farmers Can Climb! Arboreal Pruning Skills for Livestock Feed Security, July 9 - 15 



The Tree Fodder Seminar (“Farmers can Climb!”) 2017 drew a small group of choice people all coming in different combinations each day.  Most of the expenses were paid by people’s registration contributions plus last year’s $86 profit, leaving a shortfall of about $180 out of about $750, certainly worth it to me. 
Having our second arborist Eric Dayan stay a whole day on Thursday versus the planned half day follow-up to Adam Lynn's whole day on Tuesday gave us a much-appreciated jump on skills, and a start in a thickly wooded setting.  Four of us were in the air at once there, and I learned to use a lanyard and double rope to climb up beneath the slope of a tree easily.   Edgar Evenkeel’s attendance and generous teaching with foot-locking technique was an unexpected additional arborist treat on Tuesday!  In future, we will go right to my woodland with more potential rope sets from the get-go. 
Late afternoon Monday, Vincent Vercillo, Any May Turner and I packed fresh elm leaves into buckets as silaging samples.  Perhaps Vince’s cheese making expertise helped.  Later, worried about enclosing too much air, I consolidated the leaves more tightly into one bucket, using a plastic shopping bag also stuffed, to stuff in more with a good seal under the bucket lid.  I put that bucket into our root cellar, for animals to sample this winter.  The second bucket, now only half full, got neglected.  A week later, I decided to offer it to my Guinea hogs.  I opened it and a sweet ferment met my nostrils, despite the  abundant air enclosed.  The hogs ate all elm leaves eagerly – some were still quite fresh, some beginning to ferment. 
Earlier in the seminar week, the hogs voraciously ate about 20 lbs. of white ash leaves, snapped off in bunches with twig bases, as I do for goats into mesh bags.  I look forward to the day that I have enough re-sprouting fodder trees in full swing to satiate both goats and hogs here (the goats reward me with increased milk quantities and flavors, so the pigs tend to get short-changed : (  ). 
The little stick of an ash tree emerging between branches of a dead plum tree by my driveway turn-around, which I pointed out as my brave and drastic attempt at boll formation (I’d cut all growth to three collars in close proximity just before the Seminar, but left two lower branches with no rationale) has now sprouted right near the top quite profusely, I am happy to report! 
During the Seminar Monday we made pruning cuts to develop the crowns of trees in the open that will end up pollards with many bolls, and tied sheaves of various tree cuttings.  I have since continued re-pruning trees near the pasture.  Sidney and Lukey, who attended the Seminar on Friday, came to climb and prune the mid-pasture stand of elms with me a couple days ago post-Seminar, and brought a relative and friend from Holland, with first-hand observations of the developing of one-boll willow pollards or willow “knotten.” 
The elm stand we are pruning was suddenly diseased just post Seminar, with leaves on one trunk  completely dead.  We are pruning it for the third time (my first pruning of it was about 6 years ago), and this time going for boll development, leaving stubs with multiple collar cuts in new wood.  I am not being completely sterile – dead leaves have dropped on the ground, and I have painted some but not all cuts with (fungicidal) pine tar mixed into my usual pine-tar-bees’ wax home-made grafting compound.  I mixed in more pine tar cold, just to be able to spread more quickly and less expensively on so many cuts, and even so it is hard to justify the time it takes to apply (so I’m not doing all).  I await the stand’s progress or failure to produce healthy re-growth.
The painting of cut cambium edges, specifically to prevent Dutch Elm infection of same cambium, was recommended by a fourth and senior arborist who has miraculously appeared to camp out here at my farm.  He is teaching us more with ropes and harnesses, plus helping follow through in opening our woodland Seminar demonstration site. 
 At Teltane Farm on the seminar Wednesday, I had to leave early, but was told that our hazel nut shells burned to boil a good sized pot of spaghetti water in 9 minutes? (please correct me? 12 minutes?) on Mark Fulford’s down-draft biochar producing little Vietnamese cook stove.  Mark’s ramial wood chips (could be our fodder refuse) rotted with wild random fungi and placed over rock powders (the fungi make the rock powders available) certainly nourish a good-looking orchard and vegetable garden; I was struck at his lack of insect pests.  I was sad to miss seeing his worm Motels 6 thru 8 (among other fun names), also fed with many tree foods.
Jackson Regenerational Farm appreciated our help in forming brush berms for winter pig paddocks, under red oaks, a primary source of their feed.   I went there post-seminar, and Nick showed me new pollarding of his younger singled coppice trees, inspired by our Seminar visit!  Any May found their farm especially inspiring, citing the obvious happiness of the pigs plus loving child-parent interactions of the humans. 
Carol Kinsey’s presentation about leaf fodder harvesting in Nepal has left pictures in my mind, which surface when I gather piles of pruned foliage.  Sometimes mine look alost as lush as their more tropical harvests (this elm does; despite some disease, this previously pruned growth has an amazing abundance of leaf surface).   
From Eliza Greenman on Friday, we learned about traditional use of hogs to clean early drops in orchards,  with oats then planted where they tilled the paths, to later cut and throw under the trees over pig manure for clean oat-cushioned apple drop, and to round out the hogs’ cull apple diet when they clean up afterwards.  Along with more aspects of “livestock under fruit and nuts,” Eliza has been expanding her knowledge of “harvest timing nerdery” to help folks plan for multi-species tree blocks while retaining harvest efficiency. 
A chinkapin that Eliza has re-discovered is twice the size of the common one (and should be hardy for our climate)  This chinkapin bait enticed Eric Evans of the American Chestnut Society to come to dinner and give us a thorough update about their chestnut breeding progress and plans.  With Moe Martin’s “Pick-up Truck Arboretum” after dinner, plus Jack K. of Maine Tree Crop Alliance showing up, the tree and nut excitement was worth a video clip.  See     . 
Eliza Greenman has also located Hick’s Everbearing Mulberry, a very heavily bearing mulberry used to raise hogs in Virginia (often with no other feed!).  She says if it will grow in Maine, she will consider a move back here – this spring let’s plant them!!! (Myself, Daniel McPhee at MOFGA and others want you back, Eliza).       
Today I received a call from yet another amazing leaf farmer who was not able to attend our Seminar.  She has Shetland sheep in West Sedgewick, who live primarily on tree and bush leaves during the growing season.  My MOF&G article and our conversation have inspired her to start storing this feed for winter.  She and her co-farming sister have taught the sheep to eat dried drifted seaweed as a staple food – she has now inspired me to give another try at this with the goats (they currently get the purchased Waldoboro product, which is live-harvested and $40/50#)  I hope to visit their farm next Thursday.  Does anyone want to carpool?
Thank you all for your participation and encouragement.  Keep in touch!  Love, Shana



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2016 Tree Fodder Seminar:

Boosting Climate Resilience and Biodiversity in Perennial Farm ecosystems, through use of Air Meadow Pollarding.
July 10 -16 (with one and  two day options),        at 3 Streams Farm in Belfast, Maine:


Dear Farmers, Permaculturists, and Small Woodland Owners,

Traditional Air Meadow pruning cycles are aimed at creating accessible native tree forms for harvest of high quality animal fodder.  These methods also enhance bush and ground browse layers, provide nutrients to pasture plants, fix more carbon, increase tree longevity, preserve broader forest gene pools of tree individuals per area, and increase habitat diversity and species counts.


Seminar will include: 


·        A quick review of 8,000 years of tree-based agricultural history.


·        Tree-level considerations:  light requirements, fungal compartmentalization for longevity, progressions toward structural forms by species for storm-proofing, sproutability, and safe human access, assessment of tree energy to inform pruning regimes.


·        Forest-level decisions and practice:  tree selection toward “intensity” and “grain” of pattern for maximum complexity, felling with minimal understory damages, soil-to-species matching, Edge effects and “sun pocket” balancing of light, temperature, moisture and wind changes,  tree genetic and pollination awareness to retain long-term diversity, pest insurance through wildlife habitat enhancement plus mulch duff for rain toxin resiliency using “waste” wood and Legacy Trees.  


·        Trees and brush on the meadow:  nutritive soil contributions of trees to grass layer, strategies for establishing young trees around animals, open-burn biocharring, casual wild mushroom cultivation and other uses of woody refuse. 


·        Seasonal nutritional windows of plants:  timing fodder harvests per species to optimize nourishment and palatability, nutritional ranking to prioritize species.


·        Animal-plant interactions in browsing; observation and recording methods to capture their knowledge of your land. 


·        Harvest and storage methods:  stripping, lopping, sheaf tying, racking, stacking, picking, raking and silaging (in that seasonal order); use and care of tools.


·        Socio-cultural considerations:  indignities associated with reliving these ancient practices, historic class conflicts around leaf harvest versus lumber, tree and browse pace and rootedness at odds with the transience of our times, extensive species-inclusive slow stable agriculture versus pressure to intensively “feed the masses”,  cultural ideas around labor and human abilities. 


·        Manual labor together to keep 3 Streams goats fed on tree fodder during the seminar.


·        Swimming ( 3 ponds on site), cooking, eating, sleeping, conversation, stories, music. 


·        Expert consultations planned, on billhook use (Benjamin Bouchard, Tues. 10 AM), arborist skills and safety (Mike Jastrom, present throughout the week), assessment of soils for tree species (Dave Rocque, date not pinned), benefits and uses of biochar and woody mulch (Mark Fulford, Tues. 1 – 2 PM), Q and A prepared by Fred Servello, U ME, re: digestibility of browse based on his career of deer studies,   and tree fodder in the European historical context (Morten Moesswilde, German scholar and Maine State Forester, requested, with Shana Hanson for sure).





$150 suggested tuition covers instruction and room or campsite plus meal ingredients. 

$35 $35 and $55 are suggested tuitions respectively for one and two day options. 

Call Shana at (207) 338-3301 FMI and to register. 

   Pictures:  Hakan Slotte (2002) pp 12 and 2.    



The following Schedule for July 2016 was flexible with swimming, reading, or other breaks any time (3 ponds).
Participant consensus for changes; input was welcome.



 Saturday evening and Sunday morning, land, settle and visit.




Sunday:  12:00 convene for lunch.



1:00 pm Shana Hanson presents an Overview.





2 :00 pm Farm Tour with questions and answers.  Some pruning and hauling to feed goats.





5:00 pm share Hopes and Interests, and thoughts on Schedule while we prepare supper.





7:00 pm circle to Present about our Farms, in clear-cut with goats.

Monday:   7:00 am prepare breakfast.

8:00 am Pruning Basics for Pollard Development; work open-grown and edge trees to learn structural and tree health concepts.   

11:30 optional dip in ponds.

12:00 lunch.

1:00 pm Shana presents Initial Pruning on Tall Trees, Mike Jastram, Arborist presents Methods and Safety.  Discussion and practice of Fresh Fodder Feeding Methods, while we create a supply of fodder for the goats. 

5:00 pm prepare supper.

6:30 pm peruse Shana’s Literature.  Phone Interview with Michael Walder of Mahna Farm.


Tuesday:  7:00 am prepare breakfast.

8:00 am Shana presents A Forest-Level View; Selection and Design considerations. 

9:00 am Mike Jastram, Arborist presents  Felling with the Understory in Mind

10 AM Billhook lesson with Benjamin Bouchard.  Fell, prune and lop in the woods to produce green matter. 

11:30 optional dip in ponds.

12:00 lunch.

1:00 pm Mark Fulford presents Tree Contributions to Soil Health; Biochar, Fungi and Ecological Resilience.  Look at various remains of ramial wood from feeding of tree fodder, to choose our “habits for our habitat.” 

2:00 pm Instruction by Shana on Tying Sheaves, with practice on the morning’s green matter.

5:00 pm prepare supper.

6:30 pm Carol Kinsey of Seed Tree tells us about Tree Fodder in Nepal.  Discussion of Real Economics. 


Wednesday:  7:00 am prepare breakfast.

8:00 am Shana Hanson leads Rack and Stack Design; we will choose our method and locate/gather
poles.

10:00 am David Rocque, State Soil Scientist will teach us about Reading Soils for Tree Species 
Success.  

11:30 optional dip in ponds.

12:00 lunch.

1:00 pm phone Interview with Paul Hand of Bees and Trees, UK., while we  Build a Rack.  Add existing twig-leaf sheaves.  Choose and harvest trees for more greenery.

4:00 pm Shana leads discussion of Seasonal Nutritional Windows of plant species, as we tie more sheaves.   

5:00 pm prepare supper.

6:30 pm Browse Walk with Prof. Fred Servello’s custom Q and A document about his Deer Browse
Research


Thursday:  7:00 am prepare breakfast.

8:00 am continue to Practice Harvest Skills.  Choose differring woodland areas to work. 

10:30 am Shana leads consideration of Journaling and Data Collection Methods, as we add more
sheaves.

11:30 optional dip in ponds.

12:00 lunch.

1:00 pm Herbal Consultation on Tree Barks and Leaves with Stephen Byers, Herbalist, while we strip tea bark or play with raffia.

2:30 pm Review each other’s morning pruning, then continue harvest and storage racking.
5:00 pm prepare supper.

6:00 pm guest visit from Morten Moesswilde, State Forester (translator of German for Shana’s tree fodder studies).  Discussion of Leaf Fodder in the European Historical Context, as we finish supper.

Walk to our sites, queries inc. tree pollination and Viable Species Populations and Spacing, plus Morten’s Forestry Thoughts and Offerings as he sees what we are doing.      

Friday:  7:00 am prepare breakfast.

8:00 am discuss people’s priorities to cover topics further; complete our harvest structures.

11:30 optional dip in ponds.

12:00 lunch.

1:00 pm share our Home Plans for Tree Fodder, both ongoing projects and new thoughts.

2:00 pm continue to cover people’s priorities.

5:00 pm prepare supper.

7:00 pm Open No-Mic with music, stories or what-have-you. 

Biochar Burn, or smaller fire, if not too dry and people want to do.

Saturday 7:00 am prepare breakfast.

8:00 am plan our public MOFGA sponsored "day tripping" presentation (happening at 1 pm). 

Continue to work on people’s priorities. 

11:30 optional dip in ponds.

12:00 lunch.

1:00 pm  Lead members of the public in a MOFGA sponsored "Day Tripping" Tour.

3:00 pm   Closing Circle.
4:00 pm adjourn.


$150 suggested contribution covers instruction and room or campsite plus meal ingredients for the week. 

$35 is suggested to attend one day, and $20/day suggested contribution for additional days.

$10 suggested donation to attend any single presentation. 


3 billhooks are available at cost, $61.77 each, but requested to be shared (plus Shana’s) during the 
Seminar. 
Tree Fodder Seminar 2017 will be:  Farmers Can Climb; Arboreal Pruning Skills for Livestock Feed 
Security, Sunday, July 9 thru Saturday, July 15.  Partial attendance options available.  Call Shana at 
207) 338-3301 FMI and to register.

3streamsfarmbelfastme.blogspot.com   sh